But the Lord remains forever; He has established His throne for judgment. He will judge the world in righteousness; He will give judgment to the peoples in uprightness. The Lord also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble. — Psalms 9:7-9 MEV
This passage at the beginning was bothersome. People are always on about God’s judgment. “Oh yes,” they say. “God is love, but God is also just and God is also holy! Don’t you believe in God’s judgment? It’s in the Bible!”
And this passage would seem to back up their assertion—he’s establishing his throne for judgment, and he will judge the people uprightly.
(But of course my belief is that God’s justice goes all the way back to the original creation of evil in this world, and that he will restore to each one what was taken or marred in them by the previous generation and circumstances, all the way back to Adam and Eve in that first taste of the Apple. So God’s justice eventually will look to us exactly like mercy. Restorative justice, they call it.)
Even if you had not thought the concept through to this level, this passage gives you an interesting perspective on it. Because immediately after talking about God’s sovereignty and God’s justice, it proclaims that God will be a refuge to the oppressed.
Now, the oppressed generally have already been judged and found wanting. Their society has judged them worthy of oppression. But God will be their refuge, according to this passage. There’s no indication that God is judging these oppressed people, only providing a safe haven for them.
So what this passage says to me is that if you have ever been wrongly charged and oppressed by that conclusion or because of that conclusion, God will judge you rightly—as justified, forgiven, free. And he will be your refuge from the oppression that came with that erroneous judgment.
(Or, yes, I will go ahead and say: if you were ever judged rightly and oppressed by that judgment, God will be your refuge from that seemingly correct judgment! It says He will be a refuge for the oppressed — not just the wrongly oppressed! All the oppressed.)
Oh yes, God will be our judge. And he will judge us based on the righteousness of the Lord Jesus, restoring to us everything that was taken or broken that caused us ever to go astray. And in that judgment, we find refuge: as Christ is in this world, so are we, 1 John says. We are judged righteous by the Lord Jesus and made whole in him.